Little Book Of Knowledge : Sharks by Bernard Seret

Little Book Of Knowledge : Sharks by Bernard Seret

Since the beginning of the 20th century, scientists have been captivated by the enigmatic world of sharks. Now, embark on a deep-sea journey and uncover the secrets of these magnificent creatures that have long fascinated humanity. With an astounding 16% of shark species having been newly discovered within the past 15 years, the realm of sharks continues to astonish and intrigue.

Introducing the Little Book of Knowledge series, a collection that delves into various subjects, conveniently packaged in captivating hardcover graphic novels. These masterpieces are crafted by experts in the field, accompanied by visually stunning artwork that brings the subject matter to life. Whether you are a seasoned enthusiast or a budding amateur, each Little Book holds a treasure trove of information.

The Masonic Republic: Freemasonry’s Influence on the Birth of America

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 4th, 1776. The Second Continental Congress issues the historic Declaration of Independence, a bold decree that the 13 North American colonies are now independent states and no longer ruled by Great Britain. Over the next seven years, during the Revolutionary War, the Continental Army led by General George Washington secures the independence of the United States of America. It was a new nation, a new experiment in democratic self-rule, and a new world order.

When looking back at the founding of the United States, all the founders were proponents of a republican form of government, pushing against monarchy and dogmas. This was a revolutionary idea. Unity and freedom from ignorance, superstition, intolerance, and extremism were dangerous ideas back then, as absolutist monarchies and the church wanted to have control over the people.

Along with the brave men and women who worked tirelessly to establish the United States of America, a curious connection to a secret society existed. This society, the Freemasons, had migrated to North America centuries earlier. The connection was evident not only among the leaders of the United States but also in its founding documents.

Many of the founding fathers, especially influential figures like George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, were Freemasons. The impact of Freemasonry on the principles and foundational teachings of the United States can be seen throughout its history. Some argue that the United States, in its creation and constitutional order, was a Masonic republic.

The Freemasons played a significant role in the formation of the United States. They accounted for two of the five committee members who drafted the Declaration of Independence, forty percent of the generals during the Revolutionary War, and thirty percent of those who signed the US Constitution. Freemasonry and its ideals, such as religious tolerance, cosmopolitanism, and equal rights for all citizens, align closely with the American Constitution and Declaration of Independence.

One influential Mason of the time was Montesquieu, a famous French political philosopher who proposed the radical idea of a separation of powers, with three branches of government – legislative, executive, and judicial – that would check and balance each other to form a true republican government.

In Washington D.C. in 1791, President George Washington appointed French architect Pierre Charles L’Enfant to design the nation’s capital. While Washington was a master Mason, L’Enfant apparently never passed the level of Entered Apprentice. However, some believe that symbols associated with Freemasonry were embedded into the city’s design as a recognition of the ties between the secret society and the foundation of the country.

The basic layout of Washington D.C. initially had diagonal streets, deviating from the traditional grid pattern of city layouts. From an aerial view, these streets form a five-sided star, a cascading star – all significant symbols in Masonic thought. It’s undeniable that Washington D.C. was planned according to Masonic ideals and symbolism.

In 1793, President George Washington presided over the laying of the cornerstone for the U.S. Capitol building. This ceremony not only initiated construction but also included elaborate Masonic rituals. George Washington himself appeared in his Masonic regalia, performing the ceremony with grain, oil, Masonic measuring instruments, and more. It was a public ceremony conducted by leaders of the republic and their secret society.

However, amidst the glory of the founding of the United States, suspicions arose regarding the Freemasons and their involvement. People started to believe that Freemasonry exerted some kind of power over the government and society. Freemasonry was enormously successful in the early American Republic, but in 1826, a disaster known as the Morgan Affair befell the organization.

William Morgan, a prominent Freemason in upstate New York, signed a publishing contract to reveal secrets of the Masonic initiations. Traditionally, the Masonic oath was terrifying, with severe punishments for revealing secrets. When Morgan announced his intention to expose Masonry, some individuals took their oath more seriously than they should have. They abducted him, and he was never seen again.

An investigation was conducted, and members of the local lodge were put on trial for Morgan’s disappearance. The judge and the governor in the case were both Masons, creating suspicion that Masonic influence prevented anyone from being convicted for the murder. This event ignited a national wave of anti-Masonic hysteria, lasting from 1826 to 1842. During that period, being a Freemason was highly unpopular.

In conclusion, the Freemasons played a significant role in the founding of the United States. Their ideals and values aligned closely with those expressed in the American Constitution and Declaration of Independence. The Masonic influence can be seen in the design of Washington D.C. and the ceremonies performed during the early years of the republic. However, suspicions and the infamous Morgan Affair tarnished the reputation of Freemasonry for a period of time. Nevertheless, the connection between the Freemasons and the establishment of the United States remains an intriguing chapter in American history.

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